About Texas Courts

Frequently Asked Questions 

The Texas Judicial Branch web site is maintained by the Office of Court Administration (OCA).

As a state agency, OCA provides technical support and administrative assistance to Texas courts and judges. It has no authority over any other agency, no investigative powers, and cannot compel action on the part of any entity, except to promulgate requirements of collection improvement programs and to pursue a writ of mandamus to compel reporting of court statistics. It is prohibited from giving legal advice or assistance in cases to individuals.

Complaints

  1. The State Commission on Judicial Conduct investigates allegations of judicial misconduct and disability.

  2. Contact the State Bar of Texas for information concerning problems with attorneys.

    Complaints regarding the unauthorized practice of law are handled by the Unauthorized Practice of Law Committee.

Divorce & Child Support Cases

  1. Family law matters, which include divorces, are generally heard in district courts, though some are heard in county courts at law. In most counties, a divorce case is filed through the District Clerk's office. Please see Trial Court Judges and Personnel by County (PDF) in the Trial Courts section of our Judicial Directory page.

  2. Although child support matters are handled by various district courts, county courts at law, and child support specialty courts in Texas, the Office of the Attorney General is the official child support enforcement agency for Texas. The OAG provides services in establishing and enforcing child support. In most counties, a divorce case is filed through the District Clerk's office. Please see Trial Court Judges and Personnel by County (PDF) in the Trial Courts section of our Judicial Directory page.

Records

  1. OCA does not have or maintain records on individual cases.

    • For appellate, justice and municipal courts, contact the court directly.
    • For district and county court cases, contact the district clerk or county clerk in the county in which the case was filed.

    Consult the Judicial Directory for contact information.

  2. The Texas Judicial Branch web site does not have a single portal for case searches; however, it does provide to links to counties that offer case search capability. 

    Start your search from the Texas Judicial Branch home page, and select a county from the available list. Alternatively, select a county from our interactive map.

    If you do not find a link to the county or particular court level for case search information, you will need to contact the district clerk, county clerk, or justice court for case information. Refer to our Judicial Directory for court and clerk contact information.

    For another source of criminal history information, consult the Crime Records Service maintained by the Texas Department of Public Safety.

  3. The Secretary of State's Elections Division maintains the oaths of office for district judges, justices of the courts of appeals, judges of the Court of Criminal Appeals, and justices of the Supreme Court. Call (800) 252-VOTE.

    Oaths of office for other elected judges are maintained at the local level. Callers should contact the county clerk for oaths of office for county officials or the city secretary/clerk for municipal oaths of office for city officials.

Research

  1. Information collected by the Office of Court Administration is reflected in the Annual Statistical Reports. OCA cannot provide data in any more detail than what is reflected in those documents, as it does not receive any case-level data or other data elements not shown in the reports.

    Appellate Courts

    Requests for more detailed data should be directed to the clerk of the court.

    Trial Courts

    For explanations about the types of cases that each case category contains, refer to the Explanation of Case Categories document posted for each court level in the Annual Statistical Reports or refer to the reporting instructions for additional detail.

    District Courts

    Requests for more detailed data should be directed to the District Clerk.

    County Courts

    Requests for more detailed data should be directed to the County Clerk or District Clerk.

    Justice Courts or Municipal Courts

    Requests for more detailed data should be directed to the court.

  2. It depends on the type of court.

    The Office of Court Administration collects statistics for individual courts from the

    • Supreme Court
    • Court of Criminal Appeals
    • Courts of Appeals
    • Constitutional County Court ("the County Court"),
    • Justice Courts and
    • Municipal Courts.

    Statistics for district courts are available by county only, as are statistics for county courts at law and other statutory county courts.

    Statistics are published annually for all court levels in the Annual Statistical Reports.

    Reports may also be run from our Trial Court Activity Database for district, county, justice, and municipal court activity.

  3. Please consult the Judicial Directory. Information is not maintained for justice or municipal court clerks.

    Still have a question or comment?

    If you feel you must contact someone about a specific case, please contact the staff of the specific court. For answers to any of your legal questions, please consult an attorney using the State Bar of Texas Lawyer Referral & Information Service (LRIS) or the Texas Law Help web site, which serves as an online resource for free and low-cost civil legal assistance in Texas.