Licensed Court Interpreters


Exam Information

Candidates to become Licensed Court Interpreters must take written and oral examinations which are developed by the Language Access Services Section (LASS) of the National Center for State Courts (NCSC). The written examination measures the candidates' English comprehension and knowledge of court terms. Applicants must pass the written exam prior to taking the oral exam. The oral examination measures the candidates' interpreting skills and is given at one sitting in three parts which are recorded.

A self-assessment and study tools for court interpreter candidates can be found on the NCSC web site.

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Exam Languages & Other Information

The National Center for State Courts offers examinations that are developed by NCSC. Currently examinations are developed for the following languages.

*= Abbreviated examination

  • Arabic
  • *Bosnian / Croatian / Serbian
  • Cantonese
  • French
  • Haitian-Creole
  • Hmong
  • Ilocano
  • Khmer
  • Korean
  • Laotian
  • Mandarin
  • *Marshallese
  • Polish
  • Portuguese
  • Russian
  • Somali
  • Spanish
  • *Turkish
  • Tagalog
  • Vietnamese

The JBCC does not contract with any other examination provider.  Therefore, we do not offer examinations for licensure as a court interpreter for languages other than those indicated above.

If you have already taken an interpreting exam, you may qualify for licensure by endorsement if you have taken the exam offered by the following entities:

  1. Member states of the National Center for State Courts,
  2. National Association of Judiciary Interpreters and Translators (NAJIT),
  3. Federal Court Interpreter Certification.

Please note to qualify for licensure by endorsement, applicants must provide proof of exam scores and must pass all three parts in one sitting. Please refer to the Initial Licensure page of our website for information on licensure by endorsement.

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License Upgrade and Adding a Language

If you wish to upgrade your license from Basic to Master or if you wish to add a language, you must complete the Application for License Upgrade/Additional Language via the online certification and licensing system located on the home page of our website.  You must re-take the oral examination for an upgrade, and take the oral examination for the additional language. 

Exam Dates & Locations

Exam dates are listed below. Additional dates may be added, per calendar year, once confirmed.

Registration for the oral and written exams are on a first come, first served basis.

Please be advised that we are unable to accommodate requests to select the time slots assigned for exams.

JBCC staff will assign your date, time and location for the exams.  Please read your notice carefully to ensure you arrive on the correct date and time and at the correct location.

On your exam registration application, in the exam date field, please enter the first day of the exam month. For example, enter 08/01/2018 if you are applying to take the August exam.

Written Exam

Registration deadlines for the written exam are 21 days before the exam date. 

20 examinees can be accommodated at one time. Exams are scheduled in the afternoon and, if necessary, in the morning on the published exam date.  Depending on the number of registrants, you may be given an alternate date (usually the day before the published exam date).  If your registration is received after the maximum number of registrants has been met, you will be registered for the next exam.  

Oral Exam

Registration deadlines for the oral exam are 35 days before the exam date. 

12 examinees can be accommodated per day. The date listed below is the first day the exam is given; oral exams are offered over one, two or three days, depending on the number registrants whose forms and payment are received by the deadline. If your registration is received after the maximum number of registrants has been met, you will be registered for the next scheduled exam date.


The registration deadline is not a postmark date; your registration form and payment must be in our office by the established dates shown below.

IMPORTANT NOTE: Please continue to monitor schedule below for updates. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, dates and protocols may be subject to change. 

Written Exam Dates
Date Location Registration Deadline
Fourth week of February  Austin, TX 02/04/2020
Fourth week of May-CANCELLED  Austin, TX 04/28/2020
Fourth week of August Austin, TX 08/04/2020
First week of December Austin, TX  11/10/2020


Oral Exam Dates
Date Location Registration Deadline
Third week of February Austin, TX 01/14/2020
Third week of May-CANCELLED Austin, TX 04/07/2020
Third week of August Austin, TX 07/14/2020
Third week of November Austin, TX 10/13/2020


Exam Procedures

 Before the Exam

  1. Applicants register for the exam with the JBCC by the established deadline date. This means that your completed paperwork must be at the JBCC office by close of business on that date. If there are any insufficiencies with your paperwork, you will be notified via email. Insufficiencies must be resolved by the established exam deadline date; otherwise, you will not be able to take the exam.
  2. You will receive confirmation that you've been registered for the exam, as well as the date, time, and location of the exam, via email. Any questions regarding your registration must be submitted to

Applying for the Exam

You must apply for the exam via our online licensing and certification system. To apply online, please go to the online certification and licensing system on our home page

First-Time Applicants:

Submit the items below:

  1. Application for Licensure (with the app fee),
  2. Exam Registration Form (with the exam fee),
  3. Pre-Orientation Course Completion Certificate, and
  4. Copy of fingerprinting receipt (after you've been fingerprinted).

Oral Exam Applicants and Applicants re-taking the Written Exam:

Submit the items below: 

  1. Exam Registration Form (with the exam fee).

Applicants taking Oral exam to Upgrade their License:

Submit the items below each time you apply to test: 

  1. Exam Registration Form (with the exam fee), and
    1. on Additional Information page, select 'Upgrade License' as reason for testing
  2. General Fee Remittance Form (with upgrade fee)

How to Apply for an Exam:
First-Time Applicants (those who have not applied with us before):
A) Create your online profile following the instructions in section I of the pdf Guide to Using the Online System on the home page of our website.
B) Go to your profile home page and click the Apply for Exam link on the What Do You Want to Do menu. Follow the instructions accordingly from there.

Existing Applicants (i.e., those who’ve applied with us before):
Login to your online profile and click the Apply for Exam link on the What Do You Want to Do menu of your home page. Follow the instructions accordingly from there.

ADA Accommodations. Upon request, reasonable accommodations will be made for ADA conditions. Send your request for accommodation to the JBCC as far in advance as possible, but at least 10 days in advance of the exam date (weekends and holidays not included). Requests received less than ten days before the exam date cannot be honored. Your request for accommodation may accompany your exam paperwork, or may be sent separately. Either way, the request for accommodation is subject to the ten days in advance of the exam date deadline, per section 3.10 of the JBCC Rules.

In the event of an emergency that prevents you from taking the exam as scheduled, contact our office, in writing, as soon as possible. Arrangements will be made for you to take the next available scheduled exam, and no additional payment will be due.

Please notify us, in writing, as far in advance as you can - three business days if possible - ahead of the exam date if you have registered for an exam and know you will not be able to make it. If timely notice is received, you will be placed on the list to take the next available scheduled exam. No additional payment will be due.

Exam Day

(NEW) You must refer to the Exam Safety Protocols During COVID-19 (pdf) documentation this page (above the exam dates) for current procedures regarding rescheduling, reporting to exam site, identification at exam site, and exam security. Staff will be strictly adhering to these protocols.

Reporting to the Exam Site

You may arrive 30 minutes prior to your scheduled exam time time. However, during the pandemic, per the safety protocols, applicants must not enter the exam site (i.e., the building) until 15 minutes prior to the scheduled exam time. This allows time for sign-in and identification verification. Depending on the location of the exam, street parking may be limited, designated visitor parking may be several blocks away, and you may have to clear building security before you can proceed to enter the exam site. Please be sure to allow adequate time. No conversing or any other form of communication among candidates is permitted once you enter the examination area.

If you arrive late, you will NOT be admitted to the examination site, and will be placed on the list to take the next available scheduled exam (space permitting). There will be no exceptions. 

Required Identification at Exam Site

You must provide one form of identification. The identification must be a valid form of government-issued identification for example, driver's license, state ID, or passport, which bears your printed name, photograph, signature, date of birth, and expiration date. Identification provided must match all information provided to the JBCC upon eligibility. If your ID does not contain the required information, you may be asked to provide other forms of valid identification to confirm your identity.

An expired driver's license will be accepted if accompanied by a valid Texas Department of Public Safety temporary permit. Likewise, the temporary permits must be accompanied by the expired DPS driver's license.

If you cannot provide the required identification, you must call our office at least 3 weeks prior to the exam date to arrange a way to meet this security requirement. If you fail to provide the required identification at the time of the examination, will NOT be admitted to the examination site, and will be placed on the list to take the next available scheduled exam. No additional payment will be due.

Taking the Exam and Security Procedures

  1. After you have signed in and your photo i.d. has been checked, you will be directed into the exam room. The proctor will instruct you regarding testing.
  2. Once the exam has begun, late arrivals are not allowed. You may not leave and re-enter the exam room during the testing.
  3. The contents of the exam are confidential. Copying, discussing, or otherwise communicating with anyone regarding the exam content is strictly prohibited and is a violation of the security policy and Texas State Law. Either one may result in the disqualification of examination results and may lead to legal action.
  4. Refer to Rule 3.7 of the JBCC Rules for more information on exam security
  5. While at the examination site, you are considered to be a professional and shall be treated as such. In turn, you must conduct yourself in a professional manner at all times.
  6. While at the site, you shall not use words or take actions that are vulgar, obscene, libelous, or that would denigrate the staff or other candidates. You must adhere to all policies and standards to ensure that all candidates have a pleasant and professional examination experience. If you fail to comply with these policies, you will have your examination results disqualified and will forfeit your examination fee.
  7. No conversing or any other form of communication among candidates is permitted once you enter the examination area.
  8. You may not bring anything with you into the exam room except your keys, a jacket (if cold), and your photo i.d. This means no cell phones, pagers, PDAs, cameras, notes, electronic devices, and recording devices of any kind, purses, notes, backpacks, bags, papers, food or drink are NOT allowed at the examination site.
  9. Guest visitors and/or family members are not allowed at the examination site.
  10. No personal items are allowed at the examination site. During the pandemic, per the safety protocols, personal property cannot be left with the registrar. Please leave your personal items in a secure place off site prior to arrival. Do not bring them with you to the exam site. Staff will not be responsible for any personal items.

After the Exam

  1. JBCC will email results to applicants following the timelines established in the JBCC Rules (See Exam Results section below). This will serve as official notification of your exam results. Any questions regarding your exam results must be submitted to
  2. Results will be sent using the confidential exam number given to applicants at the exam site.
  3. Successful applicants will receive a license in the mail.

Exam Results

The emailing of scores will serve as official notification of your test results. You may save the results from if you'd like to maintain a copy of your scores.

Under section 3.11 of the JBCC Rules, examinees will be notified of exam results graded by the JBCC within 30 days of the exam (i.e., the written exam). Examinees will be notified of exam results graded by a testing service within 90 days of the exam (i.e., the oral exam).
Examinees will be notified if results will be delayed for longer than 90 days after the exam.

Under section 9.3 of the JBCC Rules, applicants who fail the exam must wait six months before re-examination; therefore, any applicant who fails the exam cannot re-register for the exam more than 30 days before the next eligible exam date. For example, if you test in September 2018 and fail, and the next exam you're eligible for is in March of 2019, the earliest you can re-apply is February of 2019.

Note: It is possible that results may not be available prior to the exam eligibility deadline for the next exam. We strongly advise non first-time applicants not to hold off on applying for the next exam until results are issued as this may prevent you from being eligible for the next exam if for any reason you should have to re-test.

For purposes of maintaining the confidentiality of your test results, the JBCC does not provide results by phone. Furthermore, we will not release results to 3rd parties.

Upon receipt of your written request we may proceed accordingly via written response to the (mailing or email) address or fax number currently on file.

Written exam applicants must pass with a score of at least 80%.

Oral exam applicants must pass all three parts of the oral examination scoring at least 60% on each part for a Basic designation license, or scoring at least 70% on each part for a Master designation license.

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Oral Exam

  • The oral exam consists of three parts (legs):
    • Sight Interpretation,
    • Consecutive Interpretation, and
    • Simultaneous Interpretation.
  • The oral exam cannot be passed in legs.

Part 1 - Sight Interpretation

You will be given six minutes to review and interpret a typewritten page from English into the target language.

You will be given six minutes to review and interpret a typewritten page from the target language into English.

The exercises outlined below will help you develop skills in sight translation. Practice them in all your working languages.

Part 2 - Consecutive Interpretation

You will be given from 22 to 30 minutes to complete this portion of the exam (depending on the length of the recording). This part of the examination is administered as a role-play of the questioning of a witness by a lawyer.

The consecutive portion will simulate a trial setting in which an English-speaking attorney asks questions of a witness speaking in their targeted language. The candidate will be the interpreter from English to the targeted language and from the targeted language back to English. Parts of this portion of the examination always include examples of lower register speech, including profanity and idiomatic usage.

Consecutive interpreting requires intense listening of a few sentences followed by an accurate interpretation of what was said. The interpreter will often take notes to help in the interpreting process, especially if the utterances are long. Consecutive interpreting is usually bi-directional between two languages, for example interpreting Spanish to a listener in English and then interpreting the English reply back into Spanish.

Part 3 - Simultaneous interpretation

This part of the examination takes approximately 10 minutes, including instructions and preparation, and requires the candidate to listen to and simultaneously interpret a recorded speech of a lawyer. A brief section of colloquy by voices representing the judge, other attorneys, or a witness may be included. The candidate wears a set of headphones to listen to the recording and speaks aloud so that her or his performance can be recorded.

The speech is entirely in English, and the interpreter interprets into the target language as would be required to assist a defendant during a trial that only speaks the target language.

Written Exam

The written has 135 multiple choice questions. Examinees are allowed 2 hours and 15 minutes to complete the exam, which consists of three sections:

  1. general language proficiency,
  2. court related terms, and
  3. ethics and professional conduct.

The examination is designed to test your proficiency in the English language and does not contain any foreign language questions. Your foreign language proficiency will be tested during the oral examination. Candidates should study the Overview of the Written Examination to be fully prepared for the written examination.


This examination is CLOSED BOOK. The references can be used for examination preparation. However, they will not be allowed for use in the test site during the examination.

  • Texas Law, Texas Government Code, Chapter 57
  • JBCC Statutes, Texas Government Code, Chapters 151- 157
  • JBCC Rules
  • Blacks Legal Dictionary
  • A common dictionary

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Exercises to Aid Interpreters

Written Examination

  • Enroll in university level courses in a country where the language is spoken;
  • Read widely, using a dictionary to look up unfamiliar words;
  • Read any of the following: ◦Major newspaper editorials and articles, as well as news items related to legal matters and law enforcement,
  • Laws, codes, international treaties and conventions, contracts, and other legal writings,
  • U.S. court documents such as indictments, sentences, probation and police reports,
  • Notarized documents such as wills, contracts, powers-of-attorney, birth and death certificates,
  • Practice translating texts related to legal matters,
  • Brush up on grammar,
  • Expand your vocabulary,
  • Become familiar with court proceedings,
  • Take a court interpreting course.

Oral Examination

Reading Aloud

Stand in front of a mirror and read passages aloud from any book, newspaper, or magazine. A legal textbook, code book, or other legal text is useful for familiarizing yourself with legal language. Record or videotape yourself and analyze the outcome critically. Pay attention to your voice, pitch, tone, hesitations, signs, projection, enunciation, and posture.

Controlling Emotions

Practice controlling your emotions while reading aloud texts with high emotional content, such as fear, anger, humor, etc. Make sure you convey the author's intended emotions and not your personal reaction to the subject matter.

Public Speaking

Practice speaking before a group of people at every opportunity. People you know will constitute a less threatening audience and will allow you to ease your way into public speaking and build your confidence. Court interpreting is an ongoing exercise in public speaking.

Extensive Reading

Build up your reading speed and your vocabulary by reading as much as possible in many different fields.


Analyze the content of each text and practice picking out the subject and verb to determine the core meaning.

Example: Although less influential than in Argentina, migration from Europe in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries affected the development of Chilean political culture. Subject: migration; Verb: affected.

Simultaneous Skills

The following exercises are designed specifically to build the dual tasking skills involved in simultaneous interpreting. They should be practiced daily for about a half hour at a time. Simultaneous interpreting skills must be acquired over time to allow for maximum familiarity.


Have someone record passages from magazines or newspapers on tape, or record radio or television talk shows or interview programs (news broadcasts are not suitable for these exercises because the pace is too fast and the content is too dense). The subject matter of these passages is irrelevant, but it should not be too technical or contain too many statistics and proper names. Essays and opinion columns are good sources of texts for recording. As you play back the tape, "shadow" the speaker: repeat everything the speaker says verbatim. Try to stay further and further behind the speaker, until you are lagging at least one unit of meaning behind.


Once you feel comfortable talking and listening at the same time and are not leaving out too much, begin performing other tasks while shadowing. First, write the numerals 1 to 100 on a piece of paper as you repeat what the speaker says (make sure you are writing and speaking at the same time, not just writing during pauses). When you are able to do that, write the numerals in reverse order, from 100 to 1. Then write them counting by 5s, by 3s, and so on. Note what happens whenever numbers are mentioned in the text you are shadowing.


When you are able to do exercise 2 with minimal errors, begin writing out words while shadowing. Begin with your name and address, written repeatedly. Then move on to a favorite poem or a passage such as the preamble to the U.S. Constitution (always choose a passage in the same language as that which you are shadowing). When writing this text, you should copy from a piece of paper placed in front of you. Do not try to write the passage from memory while shadowing the tape.


While shadowing the tape as in the previous exercises, write down all the numbers and proper names you hear. Then play the tape back and check to see if you wrote them correctly. 

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All fees are non-refundable.

  • Oral Exam Fee: $300.00
  • Written Exam Fee: $100.00

Acceptable forms of payment:  Credit Card or Debit Card

Updated: 10/20/2020