Licensed Court Interpreters
- Exam Information
- Exam Languages & Other Examinations
- Exam Dates
- Exam Procedures
- Exam Results
- Oral Exam
- Written Exam
- Exercises to Aid Interpreters
- Resource Guide for Court Interpreters
Inquiries Regarding Paperwork
Applications are processed as soon as possible, in the order of which they are received. Due to the volume of applications received, processing times can vary; therefore, we are unable to provide more specific timeframes.
Applicants must confirm receipt of their applications, and the status of their applications, by referring to the View Pending Applications page of their online profiles. All applicants are sent automated email confirmations of successful application submission, and when applications are approved. Inquiries for application status checks or receipt confirmation will not be replied to unless determined by staff that there’s been a delay in processing your application, and you have not received prior notification. We receive many of these inquiries and each email takes time to research and respond to which delays the processing of applications. Thank you for your understanding.
Candidates to become Licensed Court Interpreters must take written and oral examinations which are developed by the Language Access Services Section (LASS) of the National Center for State Courts (NCSC). The written examination measures the candidates' English comprehension and knowledge of court terms. Applicants must pass the written exam prior to taking the oral exam. The oral examination measures the candidates' interpreting skills and is given at one sitting in three parts which are recorded.
A self-assessment and study tools for court interpreter candidates can be found on the NCSC web site.
The National Center for State Courts offers examinations that are developed by NCSC. Currently examinations are developed for the following languages. (Updated 02/22/2021)
*= Abbreviated examination
- *Bosnian / Croatian / Serbian
The JBCC does not contract with any other examination provider. Therefore, we do not offer examinations for licensure as a court interpreter for languages other than those indicated above.
If you have already taken an interpreting exam, you may qualify for licensure by endorsement if you have taken the exam offered by the following entities:
- Member states of the National Center for State Courts,
- National Association of Judiciary Interpreters and Translators (NAJIT),
- Federal Court Interpreter Certification.
Please note to qualify for licensure by endorsement, applicants must provide proof of exam scores and must pass all three parts in one sitting. Please refer to the Initial Licensure page of our website for information on licensure by endorsement.
License Upgrade and Adding a Language
If you wish to upgrade your license from Basic to Master or if you wish to add a language, you must complete the Application for License Upgrade/Additional Language via the online certification and licensing system located on the home page of our website. You must re-take the oral examination for an upgrade, and take the oral examination for the additional language.
Exam dates are listed below. Additional dates may be added, per calendar year, once confirmed. The dates listed below are the first day the exam is given; exams are offered over one, two or three days, depending on the number registrants, room availability, and whose forms and payments are received by the deadline.
- If new exam dates are not posted, please wait to apply until the dates are listed as you will be required to include the exam date on your application.
- Exam slots are filled on a first come, first served basis. If your registration application is received after all slots are filled, your application will be withdrawn, your exam fee refunded, and you can register for the next exam. Applicants are not automatically reassigned to the next exam. We will post when exams are closed for further registrations by the exam date that has filled up.
- Please be advised that we are unable to accommodate requests to select the time slots assigned for exams.
- JBCC staff will assign your date, time and location for the exams. Please read your notice carefully to ensure you arrive on the correct date and time and at the correct location.
Registration deadlines for the written exam are 21 days before the exam date.
20 examinees can be accommodated at one time. Exams are scheduled in the afternoon and, if necessary, in the morning on the published exam date.
Registration deadlines for the oral exam are 35 days before the exam date. 12 examinees can be accommodated per day.
The registration deadline is not a postmark date; your registration application and payment must be submitted online by the established dates shown below.
IMPORTANT NOTE: Please continue to monitor schedule below for updates. Dates and protocols are subject to change.
Note to Examinees 05/21/21: Our focus remains on protecting the safety and wellbeing of examinees and staff. Please read the new Exam Protocols, in the link below, which are effective immediately. Thank you for your understanding.
|02/23/2021||Austin, TX *CLOSED* Apps no longer being accepted.||02/02/2021|
|05/25/2021||Austin, TX *CLOSED* Apps no longer being accepted.||05/04/2021|
|08/24/2021||Austin, TX *CLOSED* Apps no longer being accepted.||08/03/2021|
|*02/16/2021||Austin, TX *To Be Rescheduled* due to inclement weather||01/12/2021|
|*05/18/2021||Austin, TX *CLOSED* Apps no longer being accepted.||04/13/2021|
|*08/17/2021||Austin, TX *CLOSED* Apps no longer being accepted.||07/13/2021|
(*)= First day of exams. Your assigned date and time will be sent to you via email only after your application has been processed.
Before the Exam
- Applicants register for the exam with the JBCC by the established deadline date. This means that your completed paperwork must be at the JBCC office by close of business on that date. If there are any insufficiencies with your paperwork, you will be notified via email. Insufficiencies must be resolved by the established exam deadline date; otherwise, you will not be able to take the exam.
- You will receive confirmation that you've been registered for the exam, as well as the date, time, and location of the exam, via email. Any questions regarding your registration must be submitted to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Applying for the Exam
You must apply for the exam via our online licensing and certification system. To apply online, please go to the online certification and licensing system on our home page.
Submit the items below:
- Application for Licensure (with the app fee),
- Exam Registration Form (with the exam fee),
- Pre-Orientation Course Completion Certificate, and
- Copy of fingerprinting receipt (after you've been fingerprinted).
Oral Exam Applicants and Applicants re-taking the Written Exam:
Submit the items below:
- Exam Registration Form (with the exam fee).
Applicants taking Oral exam to Upgrade their License:
Submit the items below each time you apply to test:
- Exam Registration Form (with the exam fee), and
- on Additional Information page, select 'Upgrade License' as reason for testing
- General Fee Remittance Form (with upgrade fee)
How to Apply for an Exam:
First-Time Applicants (those who have not applied with us before):
A) Create your online profile following the instructions in section I of the pdf Guide to Using the Online System on the home page of our website.
B) Go to your profile home page and click the Apply for Exam link on the What Do You Want to Do menu. Follow the instructions accordingly from there.
Existing Applicants (i.e., those who’ve applied with us before):
Login to your online profile and click the Apply for Exam link on the What Do You Want to Do menu of your home page. Follow the instructions accordingly from there.
ADA Accommodations. Upon request, reasonable accommodations will be made for ADA conditions. Send your request for accommodation to the JBCC as far in advance as possible, but at least 10 days in advance of the exam date (weekends and holidays not included). Requests received less than ten days before the exam date cannot be honored. Your request for accommodation may accompany your exam paperwork, or may be sent separately. Either way, the request for accommodation is subject to the ten days in advance of the exam date deadline, per section 3.10 of the JBCC Rules.
Rescheduling for the Exam
Please email the Certification Division Licensing Specialist at email@example.com, no less than five business days ahead of the exam date, if you have registered for an exam and know you will not be able to make it. Staff will then withdraw your application, your exam fee would be refunded, and you can apply to register for the next exam. Applicants are not automatically reassigned to the next exam.
You must refer to the Exam Protocols (pdf) documentation on this page (above the exam dates) for current procedures regarding rescheduling, reporting to exam site, identification at exam site, and exam security. Staff will be strictly adhering to these protocols.
Reporting to the Exam Site
You may arrive 30 minutes prior to your scheduled exam time time. However, per exam protocols, applicants must not enter the exam site (i.e., the building) until 15 minutes prior to the scheduled exam time. This allows time for sign-in and identification verification. Depending on the location of the exam, street parking may be limited, designated visitor parking may be several blocks away, and you may have to clear building security before you can proceed to enter the exam site. Please be sure to allow adequate time. No conversing or any other form of communication among candidates is permitted once you enter the examination area.
If you arrive late, and the exam has begun, you will not be allowed to test. You will need to reapply to test at a later date. There will be no exceptions.
Identification Required Prior to Arrival at Exam Site
You must submit your photo ID during the pre-registration process. If you do not have a valid, government-issued photo ID, please contact the licensing specialist, no later than the registration deadline date, to arrange a way to meet this security requirement.
If you fail to provide the required identification, you will NOT be admitted to the examination site, and you will need to reapply to test at a later date. There will be no exceptions.
Taking the Exam. Etiquette, and Security Procedures
- After you have signed in and your photo ID has been checked, you will be directed into the exam room. The proctor will instruct you regarding testing.
- Once the exam has begun, late arrivals are not allowed. You may not leave and re-enter the exam room during the testing.
- The contents of the exam are confidential. Copying, discussing, or otherwise communicating with anyone regarding the exam content is strictly prohibited and is a violation of the security policy and Texas State Law. Either one may result in the disqualification of examination results and may lead to legal action.
- Refer to Rule 3.7 of the JBCC Rules for more information on exam security
- While at the examination site, you are considered to be a professional and shall be treated as such. In turn, you must conduct yourself in a professional manner at all times.
- While at the site, you shall not use words or take actions that are vulgar, obscene, libelous, or that would denigrate the staff or other candidates. You must adhere to all policies and standards to ensure that all candidates have a pleasant and professional examination experience. If you fail to comply with these policies, you will have your examination results disqualified and will forfeit your examination fee.
- You may not bring anything with you into the exam room except your keys, your wallet, and a jacket. This means no cell phones, pagers, PDAs, cameras, notes, electronic devices, watches (analog included), recording devices of any kind, purses, notes, backpacks, bags, papers, and food or drink are NOT allowed at the examination site.
- No personal items are allowed at the examination site. Per exam protocols, personal property cannot be left with the registrar. Please leave your personal items in a secure place prior to your arrival. Staff will not be responsible for safeguarding of any personal property.
- Guest visitors and/or family members are not allowed at the examination site. Please make arrangements ahead of time for them to pick you up after the exam is completed. (Oral exams are approximately 45 minutes, written exams are about 2 1/4 hrs.)
After the Exam
- JBCC will email results to applicants following the timelines established in the JBCC Rules (See Exam Results section below). This will serve as official notification of your exam results. Any questions regarding your exam results must be submitted to firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Results will be sent using the confidential exam number given to applicants at the exam site.
- Successful applicants will receive a license in the mail.
Inquiries for exam results will not be replied to unless exam results have already been issued and your inquiry would notify JBCC that you must have missed the results email. We receive many of these inquiries after each exam and each email takes time to respond to which delays the processing of results. Thank you for your understanding.
The emailing of scores will serve as official notification of your test results. You may save the results from if you'd like to maintain a copy of your scores.
Under section 3.11 of the JBCC Rules, examinees will be notified of exam results graded by the JBCC within 30 days of the exam (i.e., the written exam). Examinees will be notified of exam results graded by a testing service within 90 days of the exam (i.e., the oral exam).
Examinees will be notified if results will be delayed for longer than 90 days after the exam.
Under section 9.3 of the JBCC Rules, applicants who fail the exam must wait six months before re-examination; therefore, any applicant who fails the exam cannot re-register for the exam more than 30 days before the next eligible exam date. For example, if you test in September 2018 and fail, and the next exam you're eligible for is in March of 2019, the earliest you can re-apply is February of 2019.
Note: It is possible that results may not be available prior to the exam eligibility deadline for the next exam. We strongly advise non first-time applicants not to hold off on applying for the next exam until results are issued as this may prevent you from being eligible for the next exam if for any reason you should have to re-test.
For purposes of maintaining the confidentiality of your test results, the JBCC does not provide results by phone. Furthermore, we will not release results to 3rd parties.
Upon receipt of your written request we may proceed accordingly via written response to the (mailing or email) address or fax number currently on file.
Written exam applicants must pass with a score of at least 80%.
Oral exam applicants must pass all three parts of the oral examination scoring at least 60% on each part for a Basic designation license, or scoring at least 70% on each part for a Master designation license.
- The oral exam consists of three parts (legs):
- Sight Interpretation,
- Consecutive Interpretation, and
- Simultaneous Interpretation.
- The oral exam cannot be passed in legs.
Part 1 - Sight Interpretation
You will be given six minutes to review and interpret a typewritten page from English into the target language.
You will be given six minutes to review and interpret a typewritten page from the target language into English.
The exercises outlined below will help you develop skills in sight translation. Practice them in all your working languages.
Part 2 - Consecutive Interpretation
You will be given from 22 to 30 minutes to complete this portion of the exam (depending on the length of the recording). This part of the examination is administered as a role-play of the questioning of a witness by a lawyer.
The consecutive portion will simulate a trial setting in which an English-speaking attorney asks questions of a witness speaking in their targeted language. The candidate will be the interpreter from English to the targeted language and from the targeted language back to English. Parts of this portion of the examination always include examples of lower register speech, including profanity and idiomatic usage.
Consecutive interpreting requires intense listening of a few sentences followed by an accurate interpretation of what was said. The interpreter will often take notes to help in the interpreting process, especially if the utterances are long. Consecutive interpreting is usually bi-directional between two languages, for example interpreting Spanish to a listener in English and then interpreting the English reply back into Spanish.
Part 3 - Simultaneous interpretation
This part of the examination takes approximately 10 minutes, including instructions and preparation, and requires the candidate to listen to and simultaneously interpret a recorded speech of a lawyer. A brief section of colloquy by voices representing the judge, other attorneys, or a witness may be included. The candidate wears a set of headphones to listen to the recording and speaks aloud so that her or his performance can be recorded.
The speech is entirely in English, and the interpreter interprets into the target language as would be required to assist a defendant during a trial that only speaks the target language.
The written has 135 multiple choice questions. Examinees are allowed 2 hours and 15 minutes to complete the exam, which consists of three sections:
- general language proficiency,
- court related terms, and
- ethics and professional conduct.
The examination is designed to test your proficiency in the English language and does not contain any foreign language questions. Your foreign language proficiency will be tested during the oral examination. Candidates should study the Overview of the Written Examination to be fully prepared for the written examination.
This examination is CLOSED BOOK. The references can be used for examination preparation. However, they will not be allowed for use in the test site during the examination.
- Texas Law, Texas Government Code, Chapter 57
- JBCC Statutes, Texas Government Code, Chapters 151- 157
- JBCC Rules
- Blacks Legal Dictionary
- A common dictionary
- Enroll in university level courses in a country where the language is spoken;
- Read widely, using a dictionary to look up unfamiliar words;
- Read any of the following: ◦Major newspaper editorials and articles, as well as news items related to legal matters and law enforcement,
- Laws, codes, international treaties and conventions, contracts, and other legal writings,
- U.S. court documents such as indictments, sentences, probation and police reports,
- Notarized documents such as wills, contracts, powers-of-attorney, birth and death certificates,
- Practice translating texts related to legal matters,
- Brush up on grammar,
- Expand your vocabulary,
- Become familiar with court proceedings,
- Take a court interpreting course.
Stand in front of a mirror and read passages aloud from any book, newspaper, or magazine. A legal textbook, code book, or other legal text is useful for familiarizing yourself with legal language. Record or videotape yourself and analyze the outcome critically. Pay attention to your voice, pitch, tone, hesitations, signs, projection, enunciation, and posture.
Practice controlling your emotions while reading aloud texts with high emotional content, such as fear, anger, humor, etc. Make sure you convey the author's intended emotions and not your personal reaction to the subject matter.
Practice speaking before a group of people at every opportunity. People you know will constitute a less threatening audience and will allow you to ease your way into public speaking and build your confidence. Court interpreting is an ongoing exercise in public speaking.
Build up your reading speed and your vocabulary by reading as much as possible in many different fields.
Analyze the content of each text and practice picking out the subject and verb to determine the core meaning.
Example: Although less influential than in Argentina, migration from Europe in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries affected the development of Chilean political culture. Subject: migration; Verb: affected.
The following exercises are designed specifically to build the dual tasking skills involved in simultaneous interpreting. They should be practiced daily for about a half hour at a time. Simultaneous interpreting skills must be acquired over time to allow for maximum familiarity.
Have someone record passages from magazines or newspapers on tape, or record radio or television talk shows or interview programs (news broadcasts are not suitable for these exercises because the pace is too fast and the content is too dense). The subject matter of these passages is irrelevant, but it should not be too technical or contain too many statistics and proper names. Essays and opinion columns are good sources of texts for recording. As you play back the tape, "shadow" the speaker: repeat everything the speaker says verbatim. Try to stay further and further behind the speaker, until you are lagging at least one unit of meaning behind.
Once you feel comfortable talking and listening at the same time and are not leaving out too much, begin performing other tasks while shadowing. First, write the numerals 1 to 100 on a piece of paper as you repeat what the speaker says (make sure you are writing and speaking at the same time, not just writing during pauses). When you are able to do that, write the numerals in reverse order, from 100 to 1. Then write them counting by 5s, by 3s, and so on. Note what happens whenever numbers are mentioned in the text you are shadowing.
When you are able to do exercise 2 with minimal errors, begin writing out words while shadowing. Begin with your name and address, written repeatedly. Then move on to a favorite poem or a passage such as the preamble to the U.S. Constitution (always choose a passage in the same language as that which you are shadowing). When writing this text, you should copy from a piece of paper placed in front of you. Do not try to write the passage from memory while shadowing the tape.
While shadowing the tape as in the previous exercises, write down all the numbers and proper names you hear. Then play the tape back and check to see if you wrote them correctly.
All fees are non-refundable.
- Oral Exam Fee: $300.00
- Written Exam Fee: $100.00
Acceptable forms of payment: Credit Card or Debit Card